I think not many people know that there are many types of graves.
Here, let's introduce the types of graves.
Even if you say a grave, the type of grave differs depending on whether or not you have descendants.
For example, if you build a grave for your parents and you will enter in the future, you will enter the grave of your married family, so only your parents will enter the grave of your parents' house, and you will only have a grave for your life It may be built for, etc.
When choosing a grave, it is also important to consider the survivors and who will be memorialized after their death.
There are also graves that contain the remains of ancestors in one grave, such as a family grave, and communal graves that contain the remains of other people in the same place.
A private tomb that fills the remains of one person is the opposite of a tomb.
Let me introduce the graves that the descendants offer.
A family grave is a grave with the name of the family carved on a gravestone, and is a common place for families from generation to generation.
Cases to be carved on the tombstone include those that enter the family name such as XX family grave, XX family ancestral grave, XX family ancestors, etc. There are things like graves.
Basically, the successor will have descendants, and in the future, this grave will only contain the family of the descendants, and other children will generally build new graves.
A family grave is a grave that is passed down from generation to generation, including the remains of the descendants' families.
Therefore, in order to build a grave, it is a condition that the grave is inherited by children and relatives.
It is the most common tomb, also known as successive tombs, ancestral tombs, and generational tombs.
The principal image of the tomb is a tomb that looks like a tombstone carved with "Nanmu Myōhō Renkakyo" and "Nanmu Amida Buddha".
We worship the Buddha and the deceased, and make the words sectarian.
Since it is not carved on the gravestone as "○○ family", children other than descendants with different surnames can enter.
Basically, the idea of the house is not in Buddhism, and the person who died as a Buddhist disciple leaves the house, so the official tomb is considered to be the principal image.
A private grave is a grave that holds the remains of only one person.
Private graves are desired by those who do not want to enter the same grave with their spouse or who are single and live their lives.
Since the person who succeeds the grave is not a private grave, it is necessary to conclude a permanent memorial service contract for the management of the grave.
In the case of a private grave, unlike a communal grave, the memorial service is held as your own grave.
The deadline for the permanent memorial service is set for each graveyard, such as the 33rd anniversary and the 50th anniversary, and after that it is enshrined with other people.
In the Edo period, when the common people began to build graves, the mainstream was couple graves and individual graves, but in the Meiji era of the family system, the mainstream of graves became family graves.
However, the demand for private tombs has increased again in recent years due to the growing personal orientation and the increase in singles.
For example, parents who died early may build a design grave for their child with something they liked, or a family member who left a private grave when one of the couples died first. As for the meaning, it seems that there are many private tombs with strong monuments.
A couple's grave is a grave that only two couples can enter.
It may be built by a couple with no children for themselves, or by a daughter-in-law for their parents at home.
However, after their death, it is necessary to think about the future, such as who will memorialize the grave.
Therefore, even in the case of a couple's grave, if there is no person who offers a permanent memorial service contract, it will be concluded.
The graves of both families enshrine the ancestors of each couple together, and when the successor to the grave becomes a couple, the memorial service for both families can be done in one grave.
If only children get married to each other and there is no grave to inherit, this couple will build their own graves according to the grave convention, but they will build two graves. Is a big burden.
In such cases, one grave may be built as a two-family grave and both parents may be enshrined in that grave.
It is possible to carve the names of both families on the tombstone, but in consideration of the succession from generation to generation, carve the title and name, carve with ancestors, carve characters such as bond, Japanese, etc. in some cases.
However, the issues remain, such as coordination when the denominations are different between the two families, contacting relatives of both families, and who will be offering a memorial service in the future.
Ossuary: The ossuary is located on the premises of a temple, and the general method is to line up the ashes storage facilities.
Common grave ・ ・ ・ A common grave is a common grave where others are buried.
The communal tomb may be built with a close friend, or it may be a permanent memorial service that has already been built.
New types of tombs, such as those with no descendants, include permanent memorial tombs, tree burial tombs, and marine scatter.
In addition, let's check such graves as they are also introduced on the net.