top
2021/04/02 07:21:59 Artificial intelligence

What kind of evolution will AI make in the future? And what is the impact on us?

What kind of evolution will AI make in the future? And what is the impact on us?
 


Recently, AI (artificial intelligence) is often talked about in TV and newspaper news.

With the advent of autonomous driving and robots equipped with artificial intelligence, our lives will be enriched.

How will AI, which is evolving one after another, develop in the future? In addition, this article will summarize how the development of AI will affect us in the future.


Isn't AI actually being used?
Surprisingly, the introduction of AI has not progressed
Some interesting cases in some fields
Future development of AI
How will society develop in the future with AI?
2. Efficient work involving simple recognition
In the future, AI will widen business disparities
Development of AI technology
Image generation is diverted to various fields
Text x AI will cause further breakthroughs
What is the impact of the development of AI on us?
Work changes with the development of AI
Will the required skills change in the future?
Introducing courses and books where you can learn AI for the future
at the end
Isn't AI actually being used?
Surprisingly, the introduction of AI has not progressed
Every day, various news reports on the use of AI, and the motivation for using it is increasing in society. In fact, many companies may have considered using AI once.

So how far is the use of AI actually progressing?

According to the "AI White Paper 2020" published by IPA, the utilization of AI in enterprises is only 4.2%. Looking at this data, it cannot be said that AI is being used socially in Japan.


Source: From "AI White Paper 2020" published by Information-technology Promotion Agency

In the future, it will be necessary to improve the environment so that the utilization of AI will be promoted in various departments of the company.

Some interesting cases in some fields
AI is still low in enterprise adoption, but there are some interesting examples of using AI. The use of AI will continue to advance in various fields.

Here are two examples.

1. Kura Sushi purchases tuna with AI
On July 7, 2020, Kura Sushi, a major conveyor belt sushi chain, announced the experimental introduction of "TUNA SCOPE," an app that uses AI to determine the quality (rank) of tuna at the time of purchase, at a new product event. Did.

According to Kura Sushi, it is more difficult to check the quality of tuna than other fish, so AI was used to purchase tuna.

In fact, by using TUNA SCOPE, it is possible to distinguish tuna grades A rank (highest grade), B rank (advanced grade), and M rank (normal product) with an accuracy of about 90% or more.

2. Automatic sorting device for cucumber farmers incorporating AI
Many agricultural tasks in cucumber production are not yet automated. In particular, the work of sorting a large number of cucumbers is a heavy burden for producers.

Makoto Koike, who produces cucumbers in Kosai City, Shizuoka Prefecture, paid attention to this problem.

Mr. Koike created a system that sorts cucumbers into 9 grades by machine learning using "TensorFlow" released by Google as open source.

Machine learning requires a huge amount of data. Mr. Koike photographed 8,000 cucumbers from three directions and collected 24,000 cucumber photo data.

As a result, it seems that the correct answer rate of AI that determines the grade of cucumber is 90% or more.

There are still few companies in Japan that have introduced AI technology, but there are some interesting cases where AI is being used in such unexpected situations.

Future development of AI
How will society develop in the future with AI?
"Society is AI, and how will it develop in the future?" The points can be divided into four.

AI advances into various fields in combination with robot technology
Work with simple recognition is streamlined
White-collar work will be greatly developed by text analysis AI
Widening business gap
1. AI expands into various fields in combination with hardware technology
In the future, AI will advance into various fields in combination with robot technology.

This time, I will introduce three concrete examples that are the basis for this.

・ Security robot

On October 19, 2019, Zennikkei Co., Ltd. and CBC Co., Ltd. announced the release of a relatively small autonomous mobile security robot "Nimbo".


Source: from https://robotstart.info/robot-database/nimbo

The security robot "Nimbo" was developed by Turing Video of the United States based on "Loono" developed by Segway.

Nimbo has six features.

Security patrol can be done by autonomous movement
Can be used as mobility for people to ride and maneuver and move during the day
AI can be used to detect security incidents (states where a crisis such as an accident may occur)
Security functions can be expanded by installing sensors
Supports remote control
Automatically go to the charging station when the battery is low
The excellent security robot "Nimbo" with these characteristics is scheduled to be introduced in the next three years, mainly for security operations that are worried about labor shortages.

・ Unmanned convenience store

Since the announcement of a convenience store that uses multiple cameras to make payments instead of the cash register called "Amazon Go" in 2016, unmanned convenience stores have been attracting attention.

Even though it is an unmanned convenience store, it is not completely unmanned because humans replenish the products. However, it is very epoch-making that the cashier does not need to be hit.

As of September 2020, Amazon Go has not yet expanded to Japan, but some Japanese companies have opened demonstration stores for unmanned payments.

[Example]

"TOUTH TO GO", a merger of JR East Start Up Co., Ltd. and Signpost Co., Ltd.
Lawson's smart store, a major convenience store
Although the number of stores is still small, it is expected that unmanned cash register convenience stores will expand further in the future.

【Related article】

AI specialized news media AINOW

The future convenience store "Amazon Go" without a cash register is finally open! Report from the field!
https://ainow.ai/2018/01/23/131817/
What is Amazon Go? Seattle, USA Karakon Nichiha! Local reporter Sanodes! Do you know Amazon Go? Simply put, as I wrote in the title, it's a convenience store without a cash register. Don't think, "Well, you can shoplift." Amazon technology ...
AI specialized news media AINOW

Unmanned AI payment store opens at Takanawa Gateway on March 23-Future subscription development
https://ainow.ai/2020/03/17/192850/
On March 14, the new station "Takanawa Gateway Station" on the JR Yamanote Line opened in Minato-ku, Tokyo for the first time in 49 years. Although advanced technological development is progressing these days, AI technology such as guidance services utilizing voice recognition is also being used in Takanawa Gateway Station. And on March 23, the unmanned AI payment store "TOUCH TO ...
・ AI pet

AI-equipped pets are attracting attention as a new type of pet that is close to people.
Currently, several AI pets are appearing.

For example

Dog-shaped pet robot "aibo" developed by Sony Corporation
New generation home robot "LOVOT" developed by GROOVE X Co., Ltd.
"Robobon" developed by Sharp Corporation
Such
In particular, "LOVOT" of GROOVE X Co., Ltd. has introduced an epoch-making system that remembers the people who took care of us and the people who gave us their affection and actively spoiled us.

Therefore, the more we take care of LOVOT, the more we become attached to it.


Pet robots equipped with AI can be kept even by people who cannot keep pets (allergies and apartments where pets are not allowed), and there is no need for troublesome work such as toilet processing and feeding.

Few people still have pet robots now, but it may be near the day when we will have pet robots as a matter of course.

【Related article】

AI specialized news media AINOW

[Summary of pet robots utilizing AI] How close is the current AI to people?
https://ainow.ai/2019/06/12/170682/#LOVOT
AI-equipped pets are attracting attention as a new form of robot that can be close to people. As AI technology advances, these pets are becoming more and more attractive with a wider range of functions. For example, it has a function to recognize humans individually and to watch over people at home. On the other hand, a multifunctional AI page ...
2. Efficient work involving simple recognition
Image recognition and voice recognition will be possible, and the work that humans have been involved in until now will be streamlined, as in the case of cashiers introduced earlier.

I would like to introduce two things, "What kind of work will be made more efficient?" In the future, AI will continue to streamline simple recognition areas in various fields.

① Inquiry response business
Some companies use AI chatbots for customer support.

AI chatbot is a service that can automatically give natural answers to customer inquiries by repeating learning through learning data and responding to actual inquiries.

With AI chatbots, you can respond to inquiries 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, and respond immediately, eliminating the need for people to make inquiries.

② Abnormality detection
Although various tasks are streamlined by machines, most anomaly detection tasks are performed visually by humans.

However, recently, there are an increasing number of cases where anomaly detection is performed using AI.

For example, credit card companies use anomaly detection systems to detect fraudulent use.

Also, especially in the manufacturing industry, the number of companies that are introducing AI-based inspections for product checks is increasing.

However, if the production equipment breaks down, productivity will drop despite the introduction of AI. For this reason, anomaly detection AI systems that detect the "sound" and "vibration" of production equipment to prevent equipment abnormalities and failures have also been introduced.

In the future, AI will widen business disparities
A major feature of AI technology is that by learning a lot of data, it is possible to recognize images and characters with accuracy equal to or higher than that of humans.

Based on this, it is possible to recognize images with higher accuracy than humans by utilizing existing AI technology. In addition, text analysis AI, which has been rapidly developing in recent years, can partially process text with human-like accuracy.

In the AI ​​field of learning huge amounts of data, "leading advantage" is important.

AI is widely used in services that improve the usability of services and recommendations from data. In other words, if the service created earlier acquires a lot of data and is used by more users, more data will be accumulated and the functionality of AI will increase.

As a result, the superiority of advanced services will increase, and later services will not be able to collect data, and there is a risk of falling into a negative spiral in which AI cannot be utilized.

At present, there are still few fields where AI is applied, so the leading advantage is not a big issue.

However, if the use of AI progresses in various places in the future, the gap between advanced services that utilize AI and other late-coming services will widen in each field.